25 fascinating Backyard Birds of Arkansas to look out for

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Birds of Arkansas

Arkansas birds are unique and beautiful. From the eagles that fly over to the cardinals that sing in our backyard, birds are plentiful in Arkansas. Many different birds call this state home, and luckily for us, some will show up regularly on your feeder or visit your backyard, no matter what time of year it is.

We have compiled a list of the 25 most common backyard birds of Arkansas that we found by surveying Arkansas residents and utilizing data from ebird and other citizen science databases.

By reading this article, we hope you will identify some new species and find out which ones live near you!

Backyard Birds Of Arkansas

According to the latest data from ebird, there are 422 documented species of Birds in Arkansas. This data comes from over 200,000 checklists from 8600 avid birdwatchers. Trying to identify and see all 422 may be quite an exciting challenge. We have chosen to focus on the birds you are more likely to see in your home, backyard, or feeders.

Here are some things to know about Backyard Birds in Arkansas:

  • 422 documented species
  • The Northern Cardinal is the most common backyard species
  • The Northern Cardinal is the most common feeder bird in Arkansas
  • The Carolina Chickadee is the smallest feeder bird on this list
  • The American Crow is the largest feeder bird on this list
  • The Red-bellied Woodpecker is the most common Woodpecker of Arkansas
  • The Northern Mockingbird is Arkansas’ state bird

Most Common backyard Birds in Arkansas

  1. Northern Cardinal
  2. House Finch
  3. Carolina Wren
  4. Dark-eyed Junco
  5. Tufted Titmouse
  6. Carolina Chickadee
  7. Downy Woodpecker
  8. White-throated Sparrow
  9. Blue Jay
  10. Red-bellied Woodpecker
  11. American Goldfinch
  12. American Robin
  13. Mourning Dove
  14. Northern Mockingbird
  15. White-breasted Nuthatch
  16. Pine Siskin
  17. Purple Finch
  18. Eastern Bluebird
  19. House Sparrow
  20. Red-winged Blackbird
  21. American Crow
  22. European Starling
  23. Common Grackle
  24. Northern Flicker
  25. Chipping Sparrow

Top 5 Hotspots For Birdwatching In Arkansas

If you prefer to venture away from home to do birding, visit one of Arkansas’s best hotspots for birdwatching. These hotspots are determined by the number of species observed by fellow birdwatchers in Arkansas.

  1. Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge
  2. Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge
  3. Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge
  4. Charlie Craig State Fish Hatchery
  5. Lake Fayetteville

Top 25 Backyard Birds of Arkansas

The list below is determined by the number of bird watchers in Arkansas who have seen a species visiting their feeder at least once, divided by the number of bird feeder sites in the state.

1. Northern Cardinal

The Northern Cardinal is the most common  feeder bird in Arkanasas

The Northern Cardinal is a common species of bird found in the United States. They are among the most common birds of Arkansas and can be seen in the state all year round.

Northern Cardinals are small songbirds, with males and females generally weighing less between 42 – 48g (1.5 – 1.7 oz), and are 21-23cm (8.3-9.1 inches) long.

Northern cardinals have a distinctive crest on their head that can be raised when they feel threatened or aggressive; however, this behavior is not often observed in wild populations and has been lost to captive ones.

The Northern Cardinal’s feathers range from bright red in males to brownish orange in females, and their bills are short but wide at the base – giving them an upturned appearance, making them easy to identify.

Northern Cardinals have a varied diet that consists of fruits, seeds, berries, and insects and are very common at most bird feeders but prefer to eat seeds such as sunflower, safflower, and cracker corn from the ground.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet
  • Milo

2. House Finch

The House Finch is one of the most common birds of Arkansas and can be seen in the state all year round

The House Finch is a small bird found in most of North America, including parts of the United States and Southern Canada. These birds of Arkansas can be seen year round.

House Finches are 12-15cm (5.1-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 16-27g (0.6-0.9oz). They have short wings that allow for a quick flight, and their beaks are stubby and slightly curved on top with a long flat head. The males are known for their bright red heads and breast with brown wings, tails, and back.

Their preferred habitat is open, grassy areas with some trees – often near farmlands. They will also be found around towns and suburbs to find food quickly on the ground, such as birdseed spilled from backyard bird feeders (or even at pet food bowls left out for our furry friends).

They are ground forages whose preferred diet consists mainly of seeds, buds, and fruit. They are common at backyard bird feeders and will often feed in large numbers, especially when black oil sunflowers seeds are present in your feeders.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer

3. Carolina Wren

Birds of Arkansas: Carolina Wren

The Carolina Wren is a common bird species in the eastern part of North America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen in the state all year round.

Carolina Wrens are small backyard birds typically between 12 – 14cm (4.7-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 18-22g (0.6-0.8oz), with males slightly larger than females.

They have rusty-brown feathers with white spots on their tails and wings, with lighter brown-orange chest and belly, and a bold white line above the eye, making them very easy to identify from other birds.

Carolina Wrens spend most of their time in thick vegetation such as brushy woods, underbrush or shrubs, looking for insects and spiders to eat – making it easy to see when they fly out from their hiding place.

They are the only wren that will visit backyard bird feeders regularly and typically prefer suet feeders.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

4. Dark-eyed Junco

The Dark-Eyed Junco is a medium-sized bird with a round head, short conical bill., and long tail. These Sparrows are found in the Northern Hemisphere from Alaska to Newfoundland. These Arkansas Birds can be seen in only during the winter months.

Males and Females are about 14-16cm (5.5-6.3 inches) long and weigh between 18-30g (0.6-1.1oz). The Dark-Eyed Junco varies in color depending on what region you are in but are mainly dark gray or brown with a light/pale pink bill and white outer tail feathers that are noticeable in flight.

The three most common sub-types and colors are:

  • Slate-colored Junco – Alaska, and East of the Rocky Mountains
  • Oregon Junco – Northern Rockies and Farther West
  • Gray-headed Junco – Southern Rockies

They live in coniferous forests, woodlands, scrubland, and tundra across the United States and Canada. You are more likely to find them in open areas like backyards, fields, and parks in winter.

They are ground foragers and eat insects, seeds, and berries. They eat mostly insects in the spring and summer and seeds and berries in the fall and winter.

They are also expected at backyard bird feeders in the winter, especially ones that offer sunflower seeds, millet, or cracked corn.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower seed
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

5. Tufted Titmouse

These small Arkansas birds can be seen all year round, especially at bird feeders.

The Tufted Titmouse is a small species of bird that can be found throughout much of the Eastern half of North America.  These Arkansas birds can be seen year round.

They are gray above and white below with a crested head and small black forehead. Tufted Titmice are only about 14 – 16cm (5.5-6.3 inches) long and weigh around 18-26g (0.6-0.9oz).

Tufted Titmice are sociable birds found in pairs or groups living in deciduous woods, towns, wooded suburbs, and parks. They are omnivorous with a diet that consists mainly of insects and some seeds and berries.

Although they prefer to glean foliage for their preferred food, Tufted Titmice will readily visit bird feeders searching for sunflower seeds, peanuts or suet.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Suet Cage
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil and Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

6. Carolina Chickadee

The Carolina Chickadee is the smallest feeder bird in Arkansas

The Carolina Chickadee is a small species found throughout the Eastern and Central parts of North America.  These Arkansas birds can be seen in the state all year round.

Carolina Chickadees are only about 11cm (4 inches) long and weigh between 8-12g (0.3-0.4oz). They have gray-white feathers with a distinct dark cap on their head and dark throat with white cheeks and gray bill, giving them the “chickadee” appearance from which they get their name.

Their preferred habitat is deciduous or mixed woods with large trees for roosting and nesting. They also inhabit woodlands around towns, suburbs and parks.

Carolina Chickadees are omnivorous birds that eat both insects and seeds – making them widespread backyard visitors. They prefer feeding on seeds and sunflower seed mixes from bird feeders but will also eat suet in wintertime.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

7. Downy Woodpecker

The downy Woodpecker is the smallest woodpecker bird in Arkansas

The Downy Woodpecker is a small woodpecker found throughout North America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen all year round.

They are smaller than most woodpeckers at about 14-17cm (5.5-6.7 inches) long and weigh between 21-28g (0.7-1oz).

Downy Woodpeckers have a black back and white stripe down the middle. They are white below, and their wings have a checkered black and white detailing them.

The males have a red patch at the back of the head, and females have a black head. They have a petite-looking bill compared to their other woodpecker relatives.

Their beaks are short, solid, and pointed at the end, which they use to chisel wood for excavation or peck at the bark to find food underneath.

Their preferred habitat is wooded areas with plenty of trees near rivers, ponds, or wetlands – even urban areas with a mix of grasslands, shrubs, and woodlands.

They are acrobatic foragers whose main diet consists of insects it can glean and probe from trees. They will also eat seeds, berries, or fruit when needed and are more common at bird feeders than their larger relatives.

They prefer suet feeders and enjoy black oil sunflower seeds, peanut butter, seeds, and millet.

Feeder Type:

  • Suet Cage
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

8. White-throated Sparrow

Birds of Arkansas: White-throated Sparrow

The White-Throated Sparrow is a medium-large sparrow with a round head, long legs, and long tail that lives primarily in the eastern half of the United States. They are one of the many birds of Arkansas that can be seen during the winter months.

Males and Females are about 16-18cm (6.3-7.1 inches) long and weigh between 22-32g (0.8-1.1oz). Both sexes are brown above and gray below with a black and white striped head and a yellow spot above the eye and bill.

Another morph is tan striped instead of black and white striped. Both morphs have a strongly outlined white throat.

They live in brushy woodlands, forest edges, wooded urban areas, parks, and gardens across the Eastern United States. Most often seen in backyards during the winter months.

They are ground foragers that often flock together to eat insects in summer and seeds and berries the rest of the year.

They are common backyard birds that will visit feeders in the winter, especially ones that offer seeds scattered on the ground or a platform feeder.

Feeder Types:

  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Cracker Corn
  • Millet
  • Milo

9. Blue Jay

The blue Jay is a very recognizable Arkansas bird that will often visit bird feeders all year round

The Blue Jay is a common species of bird found throughout North America, and can be seen in Arkansas all year round.

Blue Jays are about 25-30cm (9.8-11.8 inches) long and generally weigh between 70 – 100g (2.5-3.5oz). They have a very short neck and bill with a thick blue crest on their head.

They have very distinctive bright blue feathers on the top with white spots and gray-white color below, making them easy to identify from other birds.

Blue Jays are loud, boisterous birds that will eat almost anything they can find – making them one of the most common backyard visitors.

They are widespread at backyard bird feeders and will typically dominate smaller birds that visit simultaneously. They love sunflower seeds, cracked corn, and whole peanuts.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled & Black oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

10. Red-bellied Woodpecker

The Red-bellied Woodpecker is a common bird of Arkansas

The Red-Bellied Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker with a long, chisel-like bill. They are found in eastern and southern United States and parts of Mexico and Central America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen all year round.

Males and Females are about 24cm (9.4 inches) long and weigh around 56-91g (2-3.2oz). Red-bellied Woodpeckers have black-and-white stripes above and a paler below.

The male has red from its bill to its nape, while the female only has a red nape. Red bellies can be seen during flight but are more challenging to see when perched.

They live in various habitats, including woodlands, bottomland forests, swamps, riversides, and parks. They are most commonly found near water to find insects to eat. 

They will seldom peck at the wood of trees to find food but instead will forage for insects whenever the opportunity presents itself. They also feed on nuts, fruits, and seeds and store their food in bark crevices.

Red-bellied woodpeckers also visit backyard bird feeders that offer suet, sunflowers seeds, or peanut butter mixed with birdseed.

While at backyard feeders, they are bullish birds and will often dominate other smaller birds and their cousins (Downy & Hairy Woodpeckers).

Feeder Types:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Nectar Feeder
  • Suet Cage

Feeder food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Sugar Water
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

11. American Goldfinch

Birds of Arkansas: American Goldfinch

The American Goldfinch is a common species of bird found throughout North America, and can be seen in the state of Arkansas all year round.

They are small songbirds 11-13cm (4.3-5.1 inches) long and weigh between 11 – 20g (0.4-0.70 oz), with males being slightly larger than females. 

Breeding adult males have a bright yellow color on their heads and rump with a black cap and black-tipped wings, making them easy to identify from other birds. Winter adult males are tan above and pale gray below with a yellow face and throat. 

Breeding adult females are olive-brown above and yellow below, and winter adult females are generally gray overall.

Their preferred habitat is overgrown, weedy fields, pastures, and well planted suburban areas and backyards.

They mainly eat seeds from wild sunflowers, composite flowers or thistles, and very few insects. 

American Goldfinches are frequent visitors of backyard bird feeders – making them easy to spot around the yard. They prefer hulled sunflower and nyjer seeds.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer

12. American Robin

The American Robin is a common bird of Arkansas that can be seen all year round.

The American Robin is a common species of bird found throughout North America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen all year round in the state. 

American Robins are 20-28cm (7.9-11 inches) long and weigh 77-85g (2.7-3oz).

American Robins have a distinctive orange chest with black spots; however, their back feathers are brownish gray. Their beaks are tiny but comprehensive at the base, giving them a very distinct appearance.

They are common in most environments across North America, especially in gardens, parks, and wooded areas around towns and suburbs.

The American Robin is known to poke around in leaf litter, looking for insects such as beetles, grasshoppers, and earthworms to eat in the summer months. They prefer berries or fruit during the autumn and winter months.

They are also known for being very friendly birds found at most bird feeders and prefer feeders that offer live mealworms.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

13. Mourning Dove

The Mourning Dove is one of the most visible Arkansas birds.

The Mourning Dove is a common species of bird found throughout North America, and is one of the most abundant Arkansas birds that can be seen all year round.

They are about the size of an American Robin, with adults between 23-34cm (9.1-13.4 inches) long and weighing between 86-170g (3-6oz). Mourning Doves have grayish-brown feathers, and their heads are pale gray; however, they lack crests or head adornments.

Mourning Doves prefer open habitats in rural and urban areas and weedy fields.

Mourning Doves are ground foragers meaning that they eat seeds, grains, and other vegetation found on the ground. They have a varied diet but prefer to eat weed seeds such as dandelions or grasses in open fields rather than forest floors.

Mourning doves also drink water from puddles created by rain which they find near trees and shrubs.

They are frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders and typically eat seeds that have fallen on the ground or platform feeders.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

14. Northern Mockingbird

Northern Mockingbird are very common birds in Arkansas

The Northern Mockingbird is a common species of bird found in the southern part of North America, including Mexico and some areas of Central America.  They are common birds in Arkansas and can be seen all year round.

They are very similar to American Robins except for their size – with both sexes 21-26cm (8.3-10.2 inches) long and weighing between 45-58g (1.6-2oz). They have grayish-brown feathers with black spots on their wings and tails; however, they also have white bellies, making them recognizable.

Northern Mockingbirds are not migratory but instead stay in the same location year-round. They prefer dense shrubby areas with open patches nearby, descriptive of most backyards.

Northern Mockingbirds build open-cup nests found high in trees or bushes – making them easy to see. They are primarily carnivorous, feeding mainly on insects during the summer months and switching to berries or fruit in autumn and winter.

They are a frequent visitor to backyards and will typically visit suet feeders.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

15. White-breasted Nuthatch

Birds of Arkansas: White-breasted Nuthatch

The White-breasted Nuthatch is an exciting species to observe and can be found from southern Canada down into Central America.  These birds of Arkansas can be seen all year round.

White-breasted Nuthatches are small in size – only about 13-14cm (5.1-5.5 inches) in length and weighing between 18-30g (0.6-1.1oz). They have short tails with a thick dark bill.

They have a distinctive appearance with blue-gray feathers on their back and a white face with a darker “hood” that runs from the top of their beak to the back, making them easily identifiable from other birds.

White-breasted Nuthatches prefer mature mixed forests and wooded areas in towns, suburbs and parks.

White-breasted Nuthatches are very energetic birds that spend most of their time climbing trees and searching for food in the bark. They mainly eat insects they can glean from bark and foliage but will also eat seeds in winter.

They are known to visit backyard bird feeders and prefer suet feeders, shelled peanuts, and sunflower seeds.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Suet Cage
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil and Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

16. Pine Siskin

The Pine Siskin is a common winter bird of Arkansas

The Pine Siskin is widespread throughout North America and some parts of Canada and Mexico. Pine Siskins can be seen in Arkansas during the winter months when they are not breeding.

Both males and females are about 11-14cm (4.3-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 12-18g (0.4-0.6oz). Both males and females are brown, with dark streaking throughout their bodies. They are a small finch with a sharply pointed bill and a short notched tail.

They are slightly darker above and paler below with two whitish-yellow wing bars. A yellow wing stripe can be seen during flight but is more difficult to see when perched.

They prefer open coniferous forests where they can forage in trees, looking for seeds among needles of the branches. Pine siskins are social birds and often travel in a few hundred bird flocks.

They are very active and can be seen hopping around on the ground or flying quickly from tree to tree.

Pine siskins eat seeds almost exclusively but will take insects or larvae when available if seeds are not readily accessible. They are also frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, or nyjer seeds.

Feeder Type:

  • Large and Small Tube Feeder
  • Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer

17. Purple Finch

The Purple Finch is a common Arkansas bird during the winter months.

The Purple Finch is a small finch about the same size as a house finch but with a chunkier appearance. They have short notched tails and a robust conical bill, perfect for cracking seeds.

They are found mainly in the eastern half of the North American continent. These Arkansas birds can be seen primarily in the winter months.

Males and Females are about 12-16cm (4.7-6.3 inches) long and weigh between 18-32g (0.6-1.1oz). Contrary to the name, Purple Finches are not really purple.

The males have a raspberry-colored head, breast, and rump, with their wings and back having a pinky tinge.

The females have no red and a patterned head and are more brown and white above and streaked below.

They live in coniferous forests, woodlands, gardens, and parks. They primarily forage on the ground or in trees for seeds, buds, fruit, and some insects and spiders.

They are also common at backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, thistle, or nyjer seed during the winter.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer
  • Millet

18. Eastern Bluebird

Birds of Arkansas: Eastern Bluebird

The Eastern Bluebird is a small thrush that is common throughout the Eastern half of North America. These Arkansas birds can be seen in the state all year round.

They are about 16-21cm (6.3-8.3 inches) long and weigh only 28-32g (1-1.1oz).

The males are known for their beautiful blue feathers above and a rusty reddish-brown throat and breast.

Females are gray above with blue wings and blue tail and a more orange-brown breast.

You can find them in other colors depending on the region they live in – such as black or white bodies instead of blue, grayish underparts, or orange neck patches.

Their preferred habitat is an open area such as pasture or farmland with short grasses and some trees.

Their preferred diet consists mainly of insects and other small invertebrates that they find by probing the ground. They may also eat some small fruits in winter, but insects make up many of their diets.

They are very social birds, often found in pairs or flocks – especially during migration to warmer climates for wintertime.

Eastern Bluebirds will visit bird feeders when mealworms are offered.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Mealworms
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Suet

19. House Sparrow

The House Sparrow is one of the most abundant birds of Arkansas.

The House Sparrow is a small, sparrow-sized bird found in most parts of the world, and can be seen in Arkansas all year round.

House Sparrows measure about 15-17cm (6-6.7 inches) long and weigh between 27-30g (0.9-1.1oz). They have a large head, stocky build, short tail, and a heavy bill.

They are streaked with brown and black backs and wings, white below, and black bib and gray heads. Males have chestnut-colored sides on their heads, and females are noticeably duller.

House Sparrows are found chiefly around farms, towns, or human settlements where they can easily find food scattered on the ground from humans, such as spilled grain during harvest season or breadcrumbs at picnics. They will also nest in the eaves or holes of houses or other buildings.

House Sparrows are very social birds and can be seen in large flocks, either foraging or roosting together at night. They are very active and noisy, often chirping and whistling to each other.

House Sparrows are omnivores that eat seeds and grain and primarily insects during the breeding season.

They prefer areas with tall trees or shrubs for roosting at night and nesting inside walls, eaves of houses, or holes in buildings. They are frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders where they eat sunflower seeds, millet, and corn.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube Feeder
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seed
  • Hulled Sunflower Seed
  • Cracked Corn
  • Millet
  • Milo

20. Red-winged Blackbird

The Red-winged Blackbird is a common backyard  bird in Arkansas

The Red-Winged Blackbird is a stocky blackbird with a red shoulder and short tail. They are found in abundance in North America and Central America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen in the state all year round.

Males and Females are about 17-23cm (6.7-9.1 inches) long and weigh between 32-77g (1.1-2.7oz). Males are all black with red shoulder patches tipped with a golden yellow color. Females have mostly dark brown plumage above, are heavily streaked below, and have some orange coloration on their face and throat.

They live in open habitats such as wetlands, marshes, prairies, meadows, pastures, agricultural fields, and suburban parks. They nest in marshes, wet prairies, and hayfields across the Northern half of North America from Alaska to Newfoundland.

They eat insects, seeds, and berries primarily during nesting or feeding their young and grain in the winter. Red-winged blackbirds gather in large flocks during the winter. They will often visit bird feeders that offer mixed seeds and grains and prefer to feed on the ground.

Feeder Type:

  • Ground feeding
  • Large Tube Feeder
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet
  • Oats
  • Milo

21. American Crow

Birds of Arkansas: American Crow

The American Crow is a large bird found throughout most of North America, except in some areas in the southern United States along the Mexican border. These Arkansas birds can be seen in the state all year round.

American Crows are large at about 40-53cm (115.8-21 inches) long and weigh between 316-620g (11.2-22oz). They are black all over, including their legs, feet, bill, and eyes.

They have a very distinct, short tail with broad wings that allow for a quick flight. They are known to be brilliant birds – able to use tools to obtain the food they otherwise couldn’t reach.

Their preferred habitat is open areas such as pastures with some trees – either deciduous or coniferous to roost at night when they sleep. They will often be found in urban areas where food is plentiful – for example, at dumpsters behind supermarkets or garbage bins.

They are omnivores and very opportunistic and will eat small mammals, insects, and amphibians but may also be found eating fruits or grain in the wintertime when other food sources are scarce. We have even personally seen crows stealing chicks from other nests and flying away to eat them.

Not your typical visitor to backyard bird feeders but may hang around yards that offer a compost heap, easy access to garbage, or pet food lying around.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

22. European Starling

A common Arkansas bird, the European Starling can be see all year round

The European Starling, also known as the Common Starling or just simply Starling, is a loud, boisterous bird that can be found throughout most of North America, Europe, and parts of Asia to North Africa in wintertime. These birds can be seen in Arkansas all year round.

European Starling is roughly the size of a Robin at about 20-23cm (7.9-9.1 inches) long and weighing around 60-96g (2.1-3.4oz). Their breeding plumage is a glossy purplish-green with yellow beaks, and winter plumage is brown with white spots and a black bill.

They have short wings which allow for a quick flight and a short tail. They have a long, slender bill and legs that are pinkish.

European Starlings winter in large flocks – often roosting with other bird species such as Blackbirds or Fieldfares to keep warm at night.

Their preferred habitat is open, grassy areas with some trees, but they can also be found in towns, suburbs, or human settlements out in the countryside.

They are opportunistic feeders that mainly eat insects and feed on berries, seeds, and grains. They are known to visit bird feeders in backyards to eat almost any type of food available – including suet mixes or peanuts.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

23. Common Grackle

Birds in Arkansas: Common Grackle

The Common Grackle is a large blackbird found in abundance throughout the Eastern and Mid-Eastern parts of North America.  These birds of Arkansas can be seen in the state all year round.

They are about the size of a Mourning Dove and are around 28-34cm (11-13.4 Inches) long and weigh between 74-142g (2.6-5oz). Males are slightly larger than females.

They have a flat head with yellow eyes and a stout beak to eat insects, seeds, fruits, small invertebrates, and snails. They have a long tail and shiny black plumage.

The male has a greenish iridescence to their feathers, while the female is less glossy with brown feathers on her head.

The Common Grackle is usually found in large flocks in open habitats that include farmlands or grassland areas. Still, it will also be seen around residential areas where food scraps are available, like compost piles or bird feeders. They can sometimes be found near wetlands too.

Common Grackles are opportunistic omnivores that eat mainly insects and some grain but supplement with food items like seeds, fruits, small invertebrates, and snails.

They usually feed or forage on the ground but will also scavenge in the garbage around residential areas if given the opportunity.

The common grackle will often visit backyard bird feeders and don’t seem to be too picky when it comes to the type of feed present.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millt & Milo
  • Oats

24. Northern Flicker

Birds of Arkansas: Northern Flicker

The Northern Flicker is one of the most common woodpecker species in North America, and can be seen in Arkansas all year round.

They are about 28-31cm (11-12.2 inches) long and weigh 110-160g (3.9-5.6oz). They are slim woodpeckers with rounded heads, long pointy tails, and a long, slightly downward curving bill

Northern Flickers are brownish-gray above and paler below. They have a crescent-looking black bar on their chest and black spots on their bellies.

Eastern males have black whiskers, a red nape, and bright yellow under their tails, while females lack the same black whiskers as males.

Western males have red whiskers and red under their tails, while females lack the same red whiskers as males.

Northern Flickers live in open areas such as fields, pastures, woods but can also be seen around towns and suburbs.

Northern Flickers are seen foraging for ants and other insects on the ground, but they also eat fruits, nuts, and seeds. They use their long curved bill to pry insects out of logs or trees.

They will often visit backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, suet, or peanut butter.

Feeder Type:

  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil and Hulled Sunflower Seed
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Peanuts and Peanut Hearts
  • Cracker Corn
  • Millet

25. Chipping Sparrow

Birds of Arkansas: Chipping Sparrow

Chipping Sparrows are ubiquitous sparrows that are found throughout North America. These birds of Arkansas can be seen in the spring and summer months when they are breeding.

They are about 12-15cm (4.7-5.9 inches) long, weigh between 11-16g (0.4-0.6oz). Chipping Sparrows are slender, long-tailed birds with gray faces, chestnut heads, and a white belly. They have a black line through the eye, back and wings.

They have relatively short wings that allow for quick travel through thick vegetation or high into the trees where they will find their nests on a thin branch close to the trunk of a tree. Their beaks are short but thick at the end for catching insects and eating seeds from grasses or trees.

Their preferred habitat is open woodland, forest edges, and clearings. It will also be found in parks and residential areas.

Chipping Sparrows eat insects they can glean from the ground, vegetation, or the air in summer months and forage for seeds in wild grasses and weeds in the fall and winter months.

They are frequent visitors at bird feeders and prefer to eat seeds such as black oil sunflower seeds, millet, or cracked corn from a platform feeder or the ground. You will often see them in small flocks around your feeders.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer
  • Cracked Corn
  • Millet

What Are The Most Common Backyard Birds all-year-round In Arkansas

  • Northern Cardinal
  • House Finch
  • Carolina Wren
  • Tufted Titmouse
  • Carolina Chickadee
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Blue Jay
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker
  • American Goldfinch
  • American Robin
  • Mourning Dove
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • White-breasted Nuthatch
  • Eastern Bluebird
  • House Sparrow
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • American Crow
  • European Starling
  • Common Grackle
  • Northern Flicker

What Are The Most Common Backyard Birds During Winter In Arkansas

Not all of the birds we have listed above are year-round residents of Arkansas. Some (Northern Species) choose to spend their winters in Arkansas.

Below is a list of the backyard birds who winter in Arkansas:

  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • White-throated Sparrow
  • Pine Siskin
  • Purple Finch

Birds To Spot Beyond The Backyard In Arkansas

When you decide to venture away from your home to do some birdwatching, these are some of the other birds to look out for:

  1. Purple Martin
  2. Green-winged Teal
  3. Ring-billed Gull
  4. Cattle Egret
  5. American Golden Plover
  6. Chimney Swift
  7. Broad-winged Hawk
  8. Cliff Swallow
  9. Great Egret
  10. American White Pelican
  11. American Tree Sparrow
  12. Fish Crow
  13. Brewer’s Blackbird
  14. Bank Swallow
  15. Rusty Blackbird
  16. Cedar Waxwing
  17. Rose-breasted Grosbeak
  18. Barn Swallow
  19. Killdeer
  20. Common Nighthawk
  21. Eastern Kingbird
  22. Great Blue Heron
  23. Marsh Wren
  24. Yellow-rumped Warbler
  25. Hooded Warbler
  26. Yellow-headed Blackbird
  27. Swamp Sparrow
  28. Indigo Bunting
  29. Mississippi Kite
  30. Bald Eagle

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What birds are common in Arkansas?

Some of the most common birds seen in Arkansas include the Northern Cardinal, European Starling, Red-winged Blackbird, House Finch, Carolina Wren, Tufted Titmouse, Carolina Chickadee, and the American Robin.

What is the most common backyard bird seen in Arkansas?

The most common backyard bird seen in Arkansas is the Northern Cardinal.

What is the State Bird of Arkansas?

The Arkansas State bird is the Northern Mockingbird.

How many species of birds have been seen in Arkansas?

To date, 422 species have been observed in Arkansas.

What birds stay in Arkansas for the winter?

Most birds in Arkansas are year-round residents, but some northern birds typically spend their winter in Arkansas instead of in the frigid north. The Dark-eyed Junco, White-throated Sparrow, Purple Finch, and Pine Siskin all spend their winters in Arkansas.

Keep a watchful eye for the backyard birds of Arkansas

We hope you enjoyed this list of birds in Arkansas. We’ve provided some information about the most common birds at backyard feeders, as well as a few other interesting facts to help make your bird watching experience more enjoyable and rewarding!

We would love to hear from you about your favorite bird watching spots or experiences in Arkansas.

Please share with us in the comments below or on our social media pages. Don’t forget to also check out our other blog posts for more information about birds and nature.

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Author
I am an avid birdwatcher with a passion for learning all I can about these fantastic creatures. I love finding new species of birds in my backyard, neighborhood, or when I travel. I enjoy sharing everything I learn about how these creatures live their lives; feedback and experience is much appreciated!

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