25 Fantastic Backyard Birds of North Dakota to watch

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Backyard Birds of North Dakota

If you’re a bird enthusiast, then you know that North Dakota is a great place to see various backyard birds. With its diverse landscape and ample wildlife, North Dakota is home to many species of birds.

In North Dakota, you can find backyard birds in a variety of habitats. The state has prairies, wetlands, and forests, providing different homes and habitats for birds to thrive.

No matter where you are in North Dakota, you will surely see fantastic backyard birds.

In this blog post, we’ll look at 25 of North Dakota’s most common backyard birds by surveying residents and utilizing data from ebird and other citizen science databases.

By reading this article, we hope you will identify some new species and find out which ones live near you!

Backyard Birds Of North Dakota

According to the latest data from ebird, there are 405 observed species of Birds in North Dakota. This data comes from over 139,000 checklists from over 5570 avid birdwatchers.

Identifying and seeing all 405 may be an overwhelming challenge, so we have chosen to focus on the birds you are more likely to see in your home, backyard, or bird feeders.

Here are some things to know about Backyard Birds of North Dakota:

  • 405 observed species
  • The American Robin is the most common backyard bird in North Dakota.
  • The Black-capped Chickadee is the most common feeder bird in North Dakota.
  • The Red-breasted Nuthatch is the smallest most common feeder bird in North Dakota.
  • The Ring-necked Pheasant is the largest backyard bird on this list.
  • The Western Meadowlark is North Dakota’s state bird.

What Are The Most Common Backyard Birds Of North Dakota?

  1. Black-capped Chickadee
  2. Downy Woodpecker
  3. House Sparrow
  4. Dark-eyed Junco
  5. White-breasted Nuthatch
  6. Pine Siskin
  7. Blue Jay
  8. House Finch
  9. Hairy Woodpecker
  10. Common Grackle
  11. American Robin
  12. Red-breasted Nuthatch
  13. American Goldfinch
  14. American Crow
  15. Common Redpoll
  16. Purple Finch
  17. Red-winged Blackbird
  18. Eurasian Collared-Dove
  19. American Tree Sparrow
  20. European Starling
  21. Mourning Dove
  22. Ring-necked Pheasant
  23. Red-bellied Woodpecker
  24. Rusty Blackbird
  25. White-winged Crossbill

Top 5 Hotspots For Birdwatching In North Dakota

If you prefer to venture away from home to do birding, visit one of North Dakota’s best hotspots for birdwatching. These hotspots are determined by the number of species observed by fellow birdwatchers in North Dakota

  1. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge
  2. Kellys Slough National Wildlife Refuge
  3. Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge
  4. Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  5. Bowman-Haley Recreation Area

Top 25 Backyard Birds Of North Dakota

The list below is determined by the number of bird watchers in North Dakota who have seen a species at least once, divided by the number of bird feeder sites.

1. Black-capped Chickadee

The Black-Capped Chickadee is a widespread species of bird found throughout the Northern half of North America and is a year-round resident throughout North Dakota.

They have a black cap and black throat with white cheeks, and mostly gray-olive feathers on their back with a white chest and belly.

Black-capped Chickadees are tiny in size – with males and females only about 12-15cm (4.7-5.9 inches) long and weighing between 9-14g (0.3-0.5oz). They have a large head and short neck, and long narrow tails with short thick dark bills.

They can survive the harshest winter weather by eating high-calorie foods, fluffing their feathers for insulation, and roosting in tree cavities at night, often in small groups.

The Black-Capped Chickadee is an energetic species that prefers deciduous woods often found in forests or residential areas and parks where plenty of large trees are used for roosting and nesting.

Their diet consists of insects, spiders, small fruits, and seeds, but they are also familiar visitors to backyard bird feeders where they will readily eat sunflower seeds or suet. They will often make multiple trips to feeders to store extra food in tree crevices throughout the day.

The Black-capped Chickadee has been seen at 93% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeders
  • Large & Small Hoppers
  • Suet Cage
  • Platform feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seed
  • Hulled Sunflower Seed
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

2. Downy Woodpecker

The Downy Woodpecker is the most common woodpecker in North Dakota and can be seen throughout the state all year round.

They are smaller than most woodpeckers at about 14-17cm (5.5-6.7 inches) long and weigh between 21-28g (0.7-1oz).

Downy Woodpeckers have a black back and white stripe down the middle. They are white below, and their wings have a checkered black and white detailing them.

The males have a red patch at the back of the head, and females have a black head. They have a petite-looking bill compared to their other woodpecker relatives.

Their beaks are short, solid, and pointed at the end, which they use to chisel wood for excavation or peck at the bark to find food underneath.

Their preferred habitat is wooded areas with plenty of trees near rivers, ponds, or wetlands – even urban areas with a mix of grasslands, shrubs, and woodlands.

They are acrobatic foragers whose main diet consists of insects it can glean and probe from trees. They will also eat seeds, berries, or fruit when needed and are more common at bird feeders than their larger relatives.

They prefer suet feeders and enjoy black oil sunflower seeds, peanut butter, seeds, and millet.

The Downy Woodpecker has been seen at 93% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Suet Cage
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

3. House Sparrow

The House Sparrow is a common species of bird found throughout the world and is a year-round resident of North Dakota.

Males and Females are about 15-17cm (5.9-6.7 inches) long and generally weigh between 27-30g (0.9-1.1oz).

They have gray color on their head and chest, black spots on the feathers around their eyes, and brownish tails; however, they also have distinctive white spots on their wings.

House Sparrows are prevalent backyard visitors that can be identified by the distinctive appearance of two white spots on each side of the wing.

They typically live in cities and towns with large populations, although they will visit backyards if suet feeders or birdseed is available.

House Sparrows eat mainly weed seeds, grain, and insects during breeding time. They typically prefer sunflower hearts and suet, although they also eat thistle seed, safflower seeds, and fruit when available.

Sparrows are highly social birds living in large flocks outside of breeding season that can sometimes become aggressive towards other birds.

The House Sparrow has been seen at 87% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube Feeder
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet 
  • Milo

4. Dark-eyed Junco

The Dark-Eyed Junco is a medium-sized sparrow found in the Northern Hemisphere from Alaska to Newfoundland. They can be seen in North Dakota during the non-breeding winter months.

Males and Females are about 14-16cm (5.5-6.3 inches) long and weigh between 18-30g (0.6-1.1oz). They have a round head, short conical bill, and long tail.

The Dark-Eyed Junco varies in color depending on what region you are in but are mainly dark gray or brown with a light/pale pink bill and white outer tail feathers that are noticeable in flight.

The three most common sub-types and colors are:

  • Slate-colored Junco – Alaska, and East of the Rocky Mountains
  • Oregon Junco – Northern Rockies and Farther West
  • Gray-headed Junco – Southern Rockies

They live in coniferous forests, woodlands, scrubland, and tundra across the United States and Canada. You are more likely to find them in open areas like backyards, fields, and parks in winter.

They are ground foragers and eat insects, seeds, and berries. They eat mostly insects in the spring and summer and seeds and berries in the fall and winter.

They are also expected at backyard bird feeders in the winter, especially ones that offer sunflower seeds, millet, or cracked corn.

The Dark-eyed Junco has been seen at 80% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower seed
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

5. White-breasted Nuthatch

The White-breasted Nuthatch is an exciting species to observe and can be found from southern Canada down into Central America.  These tiny birds can be seen in North Dakota all year round.

White-breasted Nuthatches are small in size – only about 13-14cm (5.1-5.5 inches) in length and weighing between 18-30g (0.6-1.1oz). They have short tails with a thick dark bill.

They have a distinctive appearance with blue-gray feathers on their back and a white face with a darker “hood” that runs from the top of their beak to the back, making them easily identifiable from other birds.

White-breasted Nuthatches prefer mature mixed forests and wooded areas in towns, suburbs and parks.

White-breasted Nuthatches are very energetic birds that spend most of their time climbing trees and searching for food in the bark. They mainly eat insects they can glean from bark and foliage but will also eat seeds in winter.

They are known to visit backyard bird feeders and prefer suet feeders, shelled peanuts, and sunflower seeds.

The White-breasted Nuthatch has been seen at 80% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Suet Cage
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil and Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

6. Pine Siskin

The Pine Siskin is widespread throughout North America and some parts of Canada and Mexico, and can be seen in North Dakota during the non-breeding winter months.

Both males and females are about 11-14cm (4.3-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 12-18g (0.4-0.6oz).

Both males and females are brown, with dark streaking throughout their bodies. They are a small finch with a sharply pointed bill and a short notched tail.

They are slightly darker above and paler below with two whitish-yellow wing bars. A yellow wing stripe can be seen during flight but is more difficult to see when perched.

They prefer open coniferous forests where they can forage in trees, looking for seeds among needles of the branches. Pine siskins are social birds and often travel in a few hundred bird flocks.

They are very active and can be seen hopping around on the ground or flying quickly from tree to tree.

Pine siskins eat seeds almost exclusively but will take insects or larvae when available if seeds are not readily accessible. They are also frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, or nyjer seeds.

The Pine Siskin has been seen at 67% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large and Small Tube Feeder
  • Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer

7. Blue Jay

The Blue Jay is a common species of bird found throughout North America and is a year-round resident throughout North Dakota.

Blue Jays are about 25-30cm (9.8-11.8 inches) long and generally weigh between 70 – 100g (2.5-3.5oz). They have a very short neck and bill with a thick blue crest on their head.

They have very distinctive bright blue feathers on the top with white spots and gray-white color below, making them easy to identify from other birds.

Blue Jays are loud, boisterous birds that will eat almost anything they can find – making them one of the most common backyard visitors.

They are widespread at backyard bird feeders and will typically dominate smaller birds that visit simultaneously. They love sunflower seeds, cracked corn, and whole peanuts.

The Blue Jay has been seen at 60% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled & Black oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

8. House Finch

The House Finch is a small bird found in most of North America, including parts of the United States and Southern Canada. 

House Finches are 12-15cm (5.1-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 16-27g (0.6-0.9oz).

They have short wings that allow for a quick flight, and their beaks are stubby and slightly curved on top with a long flat head. The males are known for their bright red heads and breast with brown wings, tails, and back.

Their preferred habitat is open, grassy areas with some trees – often near farmlands.

They will also be found around towns and suburbs to find food quickly on the ground, such as birdseed spilled from backyard bird feeders (or even at pet food bowls left out for our furry friends).

They are ground forages whose preferred diet consists mainly of seeds, buds, and fruit. They are common at backyard bird feeders and will often feed in large numbers, especially when black oil sunflowers seeds are present in your feeders.

The House Finch has been seen at 53% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer

9. Hairy Woodpecker

The Hairy Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker found throughout North America and Southern Canada, and is a year-round resident of North Dakota.

The hairy woodpecker has a long chisel-like bill and long stiff tail feathers. Males and Females are about 18-26cm (7.1-10.2 inches) long and weigh around 40-95g (1.4-3.4oz).

They have black-and-white feathers: black back checkered with a white, white stripe down the middle back, and white below.

The male has a red patch on the back of its head, while the female does not. They get their name from the “hairy” quality of the white on their backs.

They live in various habitats, including woodlands, bottomland forests, wooded suburbs, and parks. They will actively probe and drill into wood to look for insects under the bark.

They will also feed on fallen or rotting logs to chisel through dead wood to find insect larvae. They will also eat fruits and seeds when given a chance.

They are common at backyard bird feeders that offer suet, sunflower seeds, or peanut butter mixed with birdseed.

The Hairy Woodpecker has been seen at 53% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Type:

  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

10. Common Grackle

The Common Grackle is a large blackbird found in abundance throughout the Eastern and Mid-Eastern parts of North America.  These large birds can be seen in North Dakota during the summer and spring breeding months.

They are about the size of a Mourning Dove and are around 28-34cm (11-13.4 Inches) long and weigh between 74-142g (2.6-5oz).

Males are slightly larger than females. They have a flat head with yellow eyes and a stout beak to eat insects, seeds, fruits, small invertebrates, and snails. 

They have a long tail and shiny black plumage. The male has a greenish iridescence to their feathers, while the female is less glossy with brown feathers on her head.

The Common Grackle is usually found in large flocks in open habitats that include farmlands, wetlands or grassland areas. Still, it will also be seen around residential areas where food scraps are available, like compost piles or bird feeders.

Common Grackles are opportunistic omnivores that eat mainly insects and some grain but supplement with food items like seeds, fruits, small invertebrates, and snails.

They usually feed or forage on the ground but will also scavenge in the garbage around residential areas if given the opportunity.

The common grackle will often visit backyard bird feeders and don’t seem to be too picky when it comes to the type of feed present.

The Common Grackle has been seen at 47% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

11. American Robin

The American Robin is a common species of bird found throughout North America and can be seen in North Dakota during the summer and spring breeding months. 

American Robins are 20-28cm (7.9-11 inches) long and weigh 77-85g (2.7-3oz).

American Robins have a distinctive orange chest with black spots; however, their back feathers are brownish gray. Their beaks are tiny but comprehensive at the base, giving them a very distinct appearance.

They are common in most environments across North America, especially in gardens, parks, and wooded areas around towns and suburbs.

The American Robin is known to poke around in leaf litter, looking for insects such as beetles, grasshoppers, and earthworms to eat in the summer months. They prefer berries or fruit during the autumn and winter months.

They are also known for being very friendly birds found at most bird feeders and prefer feeders that offer live mealworms.

The American Robin has been seen at 47% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

12. Red-breasted Nuthatch

The red-breasted nuthatch is a small songbird found across most of North America and much of Canada, and can be seen in North Dakota during the non-breeding winter months.

Both males and females are about 11-12cm (4.3 inches) long and weigh between 8-13g (0.3-0.5oz). They have a long, pointy bill, short, broad wings, and very short tails.

Both sexes are blueish-gray above and reddish-cinnamon below. Their heads are striped with a black cap, white eyebrows, a black line through the eye, and finally, white cheeks. Very similar looking to the white-breasted nuthatch.

Red-breasted nuthatches can be found in coniferous forests such as spruce and fir, where they like to forage on the trunks and branches. They are very energetic and acrobatic birds and can often be seen hanging upside down while searching for food.

Their diet is primarily insects and spiders they glean from trees and bark in the summer and eat seeds in the winter.

They are also familiar visitors to backyard bird feeders where they eat seeds and suet.

The Red-breasted Nuthatch has been seen at 47% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large and Small Tube Feeders
  • Large and Small Hoppers
  • Suet Cage
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Peanuts and Peanut Hearts
  • Mealworms

13. American Goldfinch

The American Goldfinch is a common species of bird found throughout North America and can be seen in North Dakota during the summer and spring breeding months.

They are small songbirds 11-13cm (4.3-5.1 inches) long and weigh between 11-20g (0.4-0.70 oz), with males being slightly larger than females. 

Breeding adult males have a bright yellow color on their heads and rump with a black cap and black-tipped wings, making them easy to identify from other birds. Winter adult males are tan above and pale gray below with a yellow face and throat. 

Breeding adult females are olive-brown above and yellow below, and winter adult females are generally gray overall.

Their preferred habitat is overgrown, weedy fields, pastures, and well planted suburban areas and backyards.

They mainly eat seeds from wild sunflowers, composite flowers or thistles, and very few insects. 

American Goldfinches are frequent visitors of backyard bird feeders – making them easy to spot around the yard. They prefer hulled sunflower and nyjer seeds.

The American Goldfinch has been seen at 33% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer

14. American Crow

The American Crow is a large bird found throughout most of North America, except in some areas in the southern United States along the border with Mexico. These large birds can be seen in North Dakota during the warmer breeding months.

American Crows are large at about 40-53cm (115.8-21 inches) long and weigh between 316-620g (11.2-22oz). They are black all over, including their legs, feet, bill, and eyes.

They have a very distinct, short tail with broad wings that allow for a quick flight. They are known to be brilliant birds – able to use tools to obtain the food they otherwise couldn’t reach.

Their preferred habitat is open areas such as pastures with some trees – either deciduous or coniferous to roost at night when they sleep. They will often be found in urban areas where food is plentiful – for example, at dumpsters behind supermarkets or garbage bins.

They are omnivores and very opportunistic and will eat small mammals, insects, and amphibians but may also be found eating fruits or grain in the wintertime when other food sources are scarce.

We have even personally seen crows stealing chicks from other nests and flying away to eat them.

Not your typical visitor to backyard bird feeders but may hang around yards that offer a compost heap, easy access to garbage, or pet food lying around.

The American Crow has been seen at 33% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

15. Common Redpoll

The Common Redpoll is a small, active finch found throughout the Northern half of America and Canada and can be seen in North Dakota during the colder non-breeding months.

Common Redpolls are about 12-14cm (4.7-5.5 inches) long and weigh between 11-20g (0.4-0.7oz). They have a compact body, short yellowish pointy bill, and short notched tails.

Both males and females have red foreheads and black chins, with a brown and white body that is heavily streaked. Winter males have pale red breast and sides, and winter females have more streaking than the male.

In winter, they breed in the Northern hemisphere from Alaska and Northern Canada, and Greenland. They often move about in large flocks foraging for seeds as they move about.

The Common Redpolls’ preferred habitat is open areas such as pastures with some trees or coniferous forests to find shelter from the Northern winter.

They are also found in towns, suburbs, or human settlements where they can find food to survive during the harsh Northern winters.

They feed primarily on seeds they can glean from trees, foliage, or fields in the North and will often visit bird feeders that offer tiny seeds such as nyjer or hulled sunflower seeds.

The Common Redpoll has been seen at 27% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large & Small Tube Feeder
  • Large & Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer

16. Purple Finch

The Purple Finch is a small finch found mainly in the eastern half of the North American continent. They can also be seen on the west coast of the United States and southern Canada, and are residents of North Dakota during the colder non-breeding months.

Males and Females are about 12-16cm (4.7-6.3 inches) long and weigh between 18-32g (0.6-1.1oz). They are about the same size as a house finch but with a chunkier appearance. They have short notched tails and a robust conical bill, perfect for cracking seeds.

Contrary to the name, Purple Finches are not really purple. The males have a raspberry-colored head, breast, and rump, with their wings and back having a pinky tinge.

The females have no red and a patterned head and are more brown and white above and streaked below.

They live in coniferous forests, woodlands, gardens, and parks. They primarily forage on the ground or in trees for seeds, buds, fruit, and some insects and spiders

They are also common at backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, thistle, or nyjer seed during the winter.

The Purple Finch has been seen at 27% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large and Small Tube Feeder
  • Large and Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer
  • Millet

17. Red-winged Blackbird

The Red-Winged Blackbird is a stocky blackbird with a red shoulder and short tail. They are found in abundance in North America and Central America.

Males and Females are about 17-23cm (6.7-9.1 inches) long and weigh between 32-77g (1.1-2.7oz). Males are all black with red shoulder patches tipped with a golden yellow color.

Females have mostly dark brown plumage above, are heavily streaked below, and have some orange coloration on their face and throat.

They live in open habitats such as wetlands, marshes, prairies, meadows, pastures, agricultural fields, and suburban parks. They nest in marshes, wet prairies, and hayfields across the Northern half of North America from Alaska to Newfoundland.

They eat insects, seeds, and berries primarily during nesting or feeding their young and grain in the winter. Red-winged blackbirds gather in large flocks during the winter.

They will often visit bird feeders that offer mixed seeds and grains and prefer to feed on the ground.

The Red-winged Blackbird has been seen at 27% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Ground feeding
  • Large Tube Feeder
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet
  • Oats
  • Milo

18. Eurasian Collared-Dove

The Eurasian Collared-Dove is a small dove that lives in the Northern Hemisphere. They are abundant throughout Europe, North America, and South Asia.

These Doves can be found anywhere in the US besides the Northeast and Canada, and are year-round residents of North Dakota.

Males and Females are about 29-30cm (11.4-11.8 inches) long and weigh 140-180g (4.9-6.3oz). They are plump doves with long, squared-off tails and small heads.

They have broad, round, black-tipped wings. Their plumage is a pale gray with darker flight feathers, and adults have a black hindneck collar.

Eurasian Collared Doves usually perch on tree branches, telephone wires, or other elevated structures. They are very social birds and can be seen in small to large flocks. They usually roost together at night in tall trees.

These Doves live in suburbs, towns, and agricultural areas and avoid heavily forested areas and city centers.

Eurasian Collared-Doves eat mainly seeds and some wasted grain, berries, and insects. They will visit backyard bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, corn, and millet.

The Eurasian Collared-Dove has been seen at 27% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil and Hulled Sunflower Seed
  • Cracked Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet
  • Milo
  • Oats

19. American Tree Sparrow

The American Tree Sparrow is a small sparrow found throughout North America and is a resident of North Dakota during the colder non-breeding months.

Males and females are about 13-14cm (5.5 inches) long and weigh around 13-28g (0.5-1.0oz). They have a long, thin tail, a small bill, and a small head.

Their bill is bicolored, which is dark above and yellow below. They have a rusty-colored cap, a rusty eye line, and a rusty-colored striped back. Their wings have two white wing bars, and their underparts are primarily gray with some pale brown coloration on their sides and breast.

American Tree Sparrows can be found in open areas near woods, gardens, or parks during the warmer months and move to more dense areas such as weedy fields, shrubs, and forest edges during the colder months.

They breed in the far north of Canada and spend their winter migration below the Canadian border.

They eat mostly seeds in winter and insects during the summer months. They forage mainly on the ground but can also be seen in bushes or trees.

American Tree Sparrows frequently visit bird feeders in the winter that offer black oil sunflower seeds, nyjer thistle, or millet.

The American Tree Sparrow has been seen at 27% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Ground
  • Platform Feeder
  • Large hopper

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet

20. European Starling

The European Starling, also known as the Common Starling or just simply Starling, is a loud, boisterous bird that can be found throughout most of North America, Europe, and parts of Asia to North Africa in wintertime. 

European Starling is roughly the size of a Robin at about 20-23cm (7.9-9.1 inches) long and weighing around 60-96g (2.1-3.4oz).

Their breeding plumage is a glossy purplish-green with yellow beaks, and winter plumage is brown with white spots and a black bill. They have short wings which allow for a quick flight and a short tail. They have a long, slender bill and legs that are pinkish.

European Starlings winter in large flocks – often roosting with other bird species such as Blackbirds or Fieldfares to keep warm at night.

Their preferred habitat is open, grassy areas with some trees, but they can also be found in towns, suburbs, or human settlements out in the countryside.

They are opportunistic feeders that mainly eat insects and feed on berries, seeds, and grains.

They are known to visit bird feeders in backyards to eat almost any type of food available – including suet mixes or peanuts.

The European Starling has been seen at 20% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Tube feeder
  • Suet Cage
  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Suet
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Fruit
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

21. Mourning Dove

The Mourning Dove is a common species of bird found throughout North America and can be seen in North Dakota during the summer and spring breeding months.

They are about the size of an American Robin, with adults between 23-34cm (9.1-13.4 inches) long and weighing between 86-170g (3-6oz). Mourning Doves have grayish-brown feathers, and their heads are pale gray; however, they lack crests or head adornments.

Mourning Doves prefer open habitats in rural and urban areas and weedy fields.

Mourning Doves are ground foragers meaning that they eat seeds, grains, and other vegetation found on the ground. They have a varied diet but prefer to eat weed seeds such as dandelions or grasses in open fields rather than forest floors.

Mourning doves also drink water from puddles created by rain which they find near trees and shrubs.

They are frequent visitors to backyard bird feeders and typically eat seeds that have fallen on the ground or platform feeders.

The Mourning Dove has been seen at 20% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Nyjer
  • Cracker Corn
  • Peanut Hearts
  • Millet & Milo
  • Oats

22. Ring-necked Pheasant

The Ring-necked Pheasant is a large bird found throughout much of North America and is a year-round resident of North Dakota.

Males and females are about 50-70cm (19 to28 inches) long and weigh around 500-3000g (17.5 to 106oz). They have plump bodies, short wings, small heads, long tails, and long legs.

The male has a noticeably longer tail than the female and is just as long as its body.

Males are brightly colored with a glossy green head, red face, and white ring around their neck. Their body is rusty brown with black spots between their belly and chest, and their long tail is thin with a copper color and black bars.

Females are much duller in color with a grayish-brown head and body, black spots on their sides, and thin black bars on their tails.

Ring-necked pheasants are seen in fields, prairies, and agricultural areas. They prefer areas with dense vegetation for nesting but will also use open spaces if available.

Ring-necked pheasants are omnivorous and eat various seeds, insects, and small fruits.

They have visited bird feeders that offer corn, millet, mealworms, or sunflower seeds.

The Ring-necked Pheasant has been seen at 20% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Food:

  • Cracked corn
  • Mealworms
  • Hulled sunflower seeds
  • Black Oil sunflower seeds

Feeder Type:

  • Ground
  • Platform feeder

23. Red-bellied Woodpecker

The Red-Bellied Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker with a long, chisel-like bill. They are found in the eastern half of the United States and can be seen in the very southeastern edge of North Dakota all year round.

Males and Females are about 24cm (9.4 inches) long and weigh around 56-91g (2-3.2oz). Red-bellied Woodpeckers have black-and-white stripes above and a paler below.

The male has red from its bill to its nape, while the female only has a red nape. Red bellies can be seen during flight but are more challenging to see when perched.

They live in various habitats, including woodlands, bottomland forests, swamps, riversides, and parks. They are most commonly found near water to find insects to eat. 

They will seldom peck at the wood of trees to find food but instead will forage for insects whenever the opportunity presents itself. They also feed on nuts, fruits, and seeds and store their food in bark crevices.

Red-bellied woodpeckers also visit backyard bird feeders that offer suet, sunflowers seeds, or peanut butter mixed with birdseed.

While at backyard feeders, they are bullish birds and will often dominate other smaller birds and their cousins (Downy & Hairy Woodpeckers).

The Red-bellied Woodpecker has been seen at 20% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Types:

  • Large Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Nectar Feeder
  • Suet Cage

Feeder food:

  • Black Oil & Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Safflower
  • Suet
  • Cracker corn
  • Peanuts & Peanut Hearts
  • Sugar Water
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms

24. Rusty Blackbird

The Rusty Blackbird is a medium-sized bird found throughout much of North America and can be seen in North Dakota primarily during the migration months.

Males and females are about 21-25cm (8.3 to 9.8 inches) long and weigh around 47-80g (01.7 to 2.8oz). They have a slim body, medium-sized tail, and small head with a thin, pointed bill.

Male Rusty blackbirds are black with rusty brown edges in winter and glossy black throughout the summer and spring breeding months.

Female Rusty Blackbirds are grayish brown with rusty edges in winter and blackish gray with darker wings in the summer and spring breeding months.

Rusty blackbirds can be found in wet areas such as bogs, moist woodlands, boreal forests, swamps, marshes, and ponds. They prefer areas with dense vegetation but will also use open spaces if available.

Rusty blackbirds are ground foragers and primarily eat insects such as water beetles, grasshoppers, mayflies, dragonflies, and others. They also feed on seeds and small fruits during the colder winter months.

They have been known to visit bird feeders that offer sunflower seeds or suet. However, they prefer to eat insects, so a bird feeder with live mealworms would be more attractive.

The Rusty Blackbird has been seen at 13% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Food:

  • Millet
  • Milo
  • Cracked Corn
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Mealworms

Feeder Type:

  • Ground
  • Platform Feeder
  • Large Hooper
  • Large Tube Feeder

25. White-winged Crossbill

The White-winged Crossbill is a medium-sized finch found primarily in the Northern half of North America and are residents of North Dakota during the colder non-breeding months.

Males and Females are about 15-17cm (5.9-6.7 inches) long and weigh between 24-26g (0.8-0.9oz). They have short tails, short wings, and a long, thick crossed bill.

Males are a pinkish color with black wings and two white wingbars. Females have the same wing coloration but are yellowish instead of pink in the males.

They live in boreal forests year-round in North America and spruce or hemlock forests and weedy fields.

White-Winged Crossbills migrate south to the United States for the winter, where they can be found in various forested areas, including wooded towns, suburbs, and parks.

White-Winged Crossbills eat mostly seeds year-round and consume insects during the summer months.

They are common backyard birds that visit bird feeders if they offer a variety of tiny seeds.

The White-winged Crossbill has been seen at 13% of all feeder sites in North Dakota.

Feeder Type:

  • Large and Small Tube Feeder
  • Small Hopper
  • Platform Feeder
  • Ground

Feeder Food:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds
  • Hulled Sunflower Seeds
  • Nyjer Seeds

What Are The Most Common Backyard Birds All Year Round In North Dakota?

  • American Robin (40% frequency)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (33% frequency)
  • Mourning Dove (32% frequency)
  • Common Grackle (29% frequency)
  • Black-capped Chickadee (28% frequency)
  • House Sparrow (24% frequency)
  • American Goldfinch (23% frequency)
  • Western Meadowlark (22% frequency)
  • American Crow (22% frequency)
  • White-breasted Nuthatch (20% frequency)

What Are The Most Common Winter Backyard Birds Of North Dakota?

  • Black-capped Chickadee (38% frequency)
  • House Sparrow (30% frequency)
  • White-breasted Nuthatch (28% frequency)
  • Downy Woodpecker (25% frequency)
  • Dark-eyed Junco (22% frequency)
  • American Crow (21% frequency)
  • Blue Jay (19% frequency)
  • Hairy Woodpecker (18% frequency)
  • House Finch (18% frequency)
  • European Starling (15% frequency)

Birds To Spot Beyond The Backyard In North Dakota

When you decide to venture away from your home to do some birdwatching, these are some of the other birds to look out for:

  1. Western Meadowlark
  2. Bank Swallow
  3. Brewer’s Blackbird
  4. Tree Swallow
  5. Cliff Swallow
  6. Snow Bunting
  7. Barn Swallow
  8. Bohemian Waxwing
  9. Brown-headed Cowbird
  10. Yellow-headed Blackbird
  11. Cedar Waxwing
  12. Red-tailed Hawk
  13. White-throated Sparrow
  14. Swainson’s Hawk
  15. Killdeer
  16. Lark Bunting
  17. Blackpoll Warbler
  18. Broad-winged Hawk
  19. Marsh Wren
  20. Fox Sparrow
  21. Eastern Kingbird
  22. Ruby-crowned Kinglet
  23. Common Nighthawk
  24. American Redstart
  25. Least Flycatcher

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What kind of birds are in North Dakota?

North Dakota is home to many species of birds such as Song Birds, Water Birds, and Birds of Prey. The most common of which include the American Robin (40% frequency), Red-winged Blackbird (33% frequency), Mourning Dove (32% frequency), Mallard Duck (33% frequency), Canada Goose (33% frequency), Red-tailed Hawk (13% frequency), Northern Harrier (10% frequency) and the Bald Eagle (8% frequency).

How many species of birds are in North Dakota?

There are 405 species of birds that have been observed in North Dakota.

What Birds Of Prey Are In North Dakota?

North Dakota is home to many raptor species such as Falcons, Hawks, Eagles, Owls and Vultures. Some of the most common include the American Kestrel, Peregrine Falcon, Prairie Falcon, Ferruginous Hawk, Northern Harrier, Red-tailed Hawk, Swainson’s Hawk, Bald Eagle, Golden Eagle, Burrowing Owl, Short-eared Owl and the Great-horned Owl.

What Is The State Bird Of North Dakota?

The Western Meadowlark is the state bird of North Dakota.

What Is The Most Common Backyard Bird Seen In North Dakota?

The most common backyard bird of North Dakota is the American Robin and the most common backyard bird to visit your bird feeder is the Black-capped Chickadee.

Keep a watchful eye for the backyard birds of North Dakota

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced birder, we hope this guide on the top backyard birds of North Dakota was helpful. Now that you know which birds to look for, head outside and start birding!

If you are interested in birdwatching away from the backyard, visit any of North Dakota’s top five hotspots. We would also love to hear from you about your favorite birdwatching spots or experiences in North Dakota.

If you have questions about identifying more species or finding out which ones live near you, let us know! We would love to help identify new bird species for our readers.

Don’t forget to check out our other blog posts for more information about birds and nature.

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Author
I am an avid birdwatcher with a passion for learning all I can about these fantastic creatures. I love finding new species of birds in my backyard, neighborhood, or when I travel. I enjoy sharing everything I learn about how these creatures live their lives; feedback and experience is much appreciated!

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