5 Colorful Hummingbirds In Ohio to attract

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Hummingbirds in Ohio

Hummingbirds are delightfully entertaining creatures that bring vibrant color to any landscape. These tiny birds possess extraordinary agility and mesmerizing hovering flight. For birdwatchers and nature lovers in Ohio, encountering a hummingbird is truly special, so what species of hummingbirds in Ohio can you see throughout the year?

Whether you’re exploring the forests of the Appalachian Woodlands, visiting the Great Lake region, or observing from Ohio’s suburban neighborhoods and backyards, the opportunity to encounter a Hummingbird in Ohio is a unique and rewarding experience.

What are the kinds of Hummingbirds In Ohio?

There are five kinds of Hummingbirds in Ohio, which include the typical Ruby-throated Hummingbird and accidental visitors such as the Rufous Hummingbird, Allen’s Hummingbird, Calliope Hummingbird, and Black-chinned Hummingbird.

This blog post will explore the different types of hummingbirds you can observe in Ohio, including the familiar Ruby-throated Hummingbird, a typical summer resident, to occasional accidental visitors like the Rufous Hummingbird, Allen’s Hummingbird, Calliope Hummingbird, and the Black-chinned Hummingbird in the fall and winter months.

Ohio Hummingbirds

According to the latest data from ebird, there are five observed species of hummingbirds in Ohio. This data has been compiled from over 41,600 dedicated bird watchers throughout the state.

Here are some quick facts:

  • Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the most common observed in Ohio
  • Black-chinned Hummingbirds are the least widely observed species in Ohio
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the largest observed species in Ohio
  • Calliope Hummingbirds are the smallest observed species in Ohio

5 Types Of Hummingbirds In Ohio

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in Ohio

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a small, colorful bird native to the eastern United States and parts of Canada, Mexico, and Central America. They are the most common hummingbirds in Ohio and can be seen during the warmer spring and summer months.

  • Length: 7-9cm (2.8-3.5 inches)
  • Weight: 2-6g (0.1-0.2oz)
  • Wingspan: 8-11cm (3.1-4.3 inches)
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris
  • Spring Migration: March-May
  • Fall Migration: August-September

Appearance

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a tiny bird with a slender bill and short wings.

They have metallic green feathers on their backs and crowns and whitish-gray underparts.

Males have a brilliant iridescent red throat, black chin, and a blackish forked tail. Conversely, female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have a white throat and large white tips on their tails.

Identification

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, especially males, are easy to identify because of their bright, iridescent colors.

Their wings are swift and blur-like when they fly, making it easy to spot them in flight. They also have a slender, curved beak, which they use to feed on nectar from flowers.

Habitat

You can spot Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in various habitats, including open woodlands, gardens, backyards, and meadows.

They prefer to live in areas with abundant nectar sources, such as flowering plants and shrubs.

Diet

Hummingbirds are nectar feeders, and the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is no exception. They feed primarily on the nectar from tubular flowers, but they also eat insects and spiders and visit Ohio’s many backyard feeders when available.

They have a high metabolism and must consume much food to maintain their energy levels.

Interesting Facts

  • Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the only species of hummingbird that breed in eastern North America.
  • They are the smallest bird species found in the eastern United States.
  • Hummingbirds have an incredible metabolism and their wings can beat up to 53 times per second.
  • During migration, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can travel up to 2,000 miles from their breeding regions to their wintering areas in Central America and Mexico.

2. Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird in Ohio

The Rufous Hummingbird is a small bird species found in the western half of North America and Mexico. They are accidental visitors in Ohio, with some observations in the vicinity of Cincinnati and Cleveland in the colder non-breeding season.

  • Length: 7-9cm (2.8-3.5 inches)
  • Weight: 2-5g (0.1-0.2oz)
  • Wingspan: Avg 11cm (4.3 inches)
  • Rufous Hummingbird Scientific Name: Selasphorus rufus
  • Spring Migration: February-May
  • Fall Migration: June-October

Appearance

Rufous Hummingbirds have slender bodies, short wings, and a tapered tail.

Males have orange-brown or coppery rufous upperparts, sides, and tails. They have a striking, iridescent orange-red throat, and some have green specs on their backs.

Females have metallic green upperparts, white throats with bronze-colored spots, white underparts, and orange-brown or rufous sides.

Identification

You can identify Rufous Hummingbirds by their orange-brown coloration and the iridescent orange-red throat of the males.

They use a slender, curved beak to feed on nectar from flowers.

In flight, their wings are rapid and buzzing and known to hover in place for extended periods.

Habitat

You can spot Rufous Hummingbirds in various habitats, including open woodlands, mountain meadows, forest edges, and gardens.

They breed in areas with forest edges that have dense understory in the Pacific Northwest.

During migration and winter, they can be seen in areas from California to Texas, Mexico, Central America, and the Gulf Coast coastal areas.

Diet

As with most hummingbirds, Rufous Hummingbirds are primarily nectar feeders, consuming nectar from various tubular flowers, including penstemons, columbines, and salvias.

They also eat small insects, which provide protein and other essential nutrients, and visit the occasional backyard feeder.

Interesting Facts

  • Rufous Hummingbirds have one of the longest migrations of any North American hummingbird, traveling up to 3,000 miles from their breeding grounds in the Pacific Northwest to their wintering grounds in southern Mexico.
  • They are one of the most aggressive hummingbirds and will defend their territory fiercely against other hummingbirds, even birds much larger.
  • The Rufous Hummingbird is the most common hummingbird species found in Alaska.

3. Allen’s Hummingbird

Allen's Hummingbird in Ohio

Allen’s Hummingbird is a small bird species on the southwest coast of the United States and Mexico. They are an accidental species in Ohio, with some observations in Cincinnati during the fall migration months.

  • Length: 8-9cm (3.2-3.5 inches)
  • Weight: 2-4g (0.1oz)
  • Wingspan: Avg 11cm (4.3 inches)
  • Allen’s Hummingbird Scientific Name: Selasphorus sasin
  • Spring Migration: Mid-Jan to March
  • Fall Migration: June-August

Appearance

Allen’s Hummingbirds are tiny, stocky-looking hummingbirds with long straight bills.

Males are metallic green and coppery-orange overall with a rusty-orange throat, copper-colored upper tail, belly, and eye patch.

The female is similarly colored but has paler coppery-orange tones and greenish-bronze spots on their throat.

Identification

The male’s rusty-orange throat quickly identifies Allen’s Hummingbirds. The female is more difficult to identify but has greenish-bronze spots on their throat.

Habitat

Allen’s Hummingbirds are found primarily on the west coast of California to the southern border of Oregon. They prefer to live in coastal habitats with many flowering plants and trees.

Diet

Allen’s Hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar from flowers and small insects for protein and other essential nutrients. They are attracted to red and yellow tubular flowers, such as penstemons, scarlet sage, and fuchsia.

Interesting Facts

  • Allen’s Hummingbirds tend to migrate much earlier in spring and fall than other hummingbird species.

4. Calliope Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird in Ohio

The Calliope Hummingbird is a small bird species found in western North America. They are an accidental species in Ohio, with some observations along Ohio’s eastern border near Pittsburg.

  • Length: 8-9cm (3.1-3.5 inches)
  • Weight: 2.3-3.4g (0.1oz)
  • Wingspan: 10-11cm (4.1-4.3 inches)
  • Calliope Hummingbird Scientific Name: Selasphorus calliope
  • Spring Migration: March-May
  • Fall Migration: July-September

Appearance

Calliope Hummingbirds are the smallest bird species in North America, measuring about 3 inches in length and weighing around 2-3 grams.

Males are green above and white below, with magenta stripes that run from the base of their bill down their chin and throats.

Females are green above and white and cinnamon below. Their throats are white with bronzy-green specs.

Identification

You can quickly identify male Calliope Hummingbirds by their small size and magenta-colored throats.

They have short, square, black tails and relatively short bills compared to other hummingbirds in your area.

Habitat

In the breeding season, you can spot Calliope Hummingbirds in mountainous areas with dense vegetation near streams.

They spend their winters in mountainous woodland regions in Mexico.

Diet

Calliope Hummingbirds feed on nectar from tubular flowers and small insects for protein and other essential nutrients.

They will also visit hummingbird feeders that offer sugar-water mixes.

Interesting Facts

  • Calliope Hummingbirds are named after the Greek muse Calliope, who was associated with poetry and song.
  • They are the smallest bird in North America.
  • Calliope Hummingbirds have the longest migration of any North American hummingbird, traveling up to 5,000 miles each year between their breeding and wintering grounds.

5. Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird in Ohio

The Black-chinned Hummingbird is a small bird species in the western United States and Mexico. They are the least common species in Ohio and are typically accidental visitors to the state, with some observations in central Ohio near Columbus in the colder non-breeding season.

  • Length: Avg 9cm (3.5 inches)
  • Weight: 2.3-5g (0.1-0.2oz)
  • Wingspan: Avg 11cm (4.3 inches)
  • Black-Chinned Hummingbird Scientific Name: Archilochus alexandri
  • Spring Migration: March-May
  • Fall Migration: August-October

Appearance

Black-chinned Hummingbirds are metallic green above and whitish-pale below.

The male has a matte black chin, purple or violet throat, white breast, and a black, forked tail.

Females are paler and have a grayish-white face, throat, chest, and belly, with a shorter, white-tipped tail.

Identification

You can quickly identify male Black-chinned Hummingbirds by their metallic green back, crown, black chin, and purple throat.

They also tend to wag their tails when feeding, which is another quick way to identify these tiny hummingbirds.

Habitat

Black-chinned Hummingbirds prefer to live in open woodlands, riparian areas such as streams and rivers, and gardens in the western half of North America.

Diet

Black-chinned Hummingbirds feed on nectar from flowers and small insects for protein and other essential nutrients. They also feed on sugar water from hummingbird feeders placed in backyards.

Keep An Eye Out For Hummingbirds In Ohio

Hummingbirds are an incredible sight throughout North America. Five species of hummingbirds have been observed in Ohio at different times throughout the year. Still, only the ruby-throated Hummingbird is a regular visitor to Ohio in the warmer breeding season.

Other hummingbirds, such as the Rufous Hummingbird, Allen’s Humminbird, Calliope Hummingbird, and Black-chinned Hummingbird, are accidental visitors to Ohio in small areas during fall and winter.

If you’re lucky enough to encounter one of these unique birds, take in their dazzling, iridescent colors and graceful flight as they move quickly from flower to flower or at your backyard Hummingbird feeder.

Whether you’re a beginner or a long-time birdwatching enthusiast, watching Hummingbirds is a rewarding experience that will stay with you for years.

Remember, you can attract hummingbirds to your backyard by providing nectar-rich flowers or setting up a hummingbird feeder filled with delicious sugar water.

We hope this article has provided all the information you need. If you have questions about identifying more species of birds in Ohio or finding out which ones live near you, let us know!

We would love to help identify new bird species for our readers.

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I am an avid birdwatcher with a passion for learning all I can about these fantastic creatures. I love finding new species of birds in my backyard, neighborhood, or when I travel. I enjoy sharing everything I learn about how these creatures live their lives; feedback and experience is much appreciated!

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