Hummingbirds of Florida are some of the state’s most colorful and captivating bird species. With their tiny size and lightning-fast movements, these birds are a true delight to watch in action.
There are sixteen species of Hummingbirds in the United States but not all can be seen in Florida. Residents can spot only four species of Hummingbirds in Florida throughout the year. The first species is more commonly observed than the last three, and spring and summer are the best months for watching hummingbirds in Florida.
What are the most Common Hummingbirds In Florida?
The most common hummingbirds of Florida include the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Rufous Hummingbird, Buff-bellied Hummingbird, and Black-chinned Hummingbird.
Whether you’re a seasoned birdwatcher or a newcomer to the hobby, this post is sure to deepen your appreciation for the exciting hummingbirds that call Florida home.
We have organized our list from most likely seen to the least likely to be seen for your convenience.
According to the latest data from ebird, there are four observed species of hummingbirds in Florida. This data has been compiled from over 67,000 dedicated bird watchers throughout the state.
Here are some quick facts:
- Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the most common observed in Florida
- Black-chinned Hummingbirds are the least widely observed species in Florida
- Buff-bellied Hummingbirds are the largest observed species in Florida
- Rufous Hummingbirds are the smallest observed species in Florida
- The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a common backyard bird and regularly visits backyard hummingbird feeders in Florida.
4 Types Of Hummingbirds In Florida
1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are small, colorful bird native to the eastern United States and parts of Canada, Mexico, and Central America. They are the most commonly observed hummingbirds in Florida and can be seen during warmer breeding months.
- Length: 7-9cm (2.8-3.5 inches)
- Weight: 2-6g (0.1-0.2oz)
- Wingspan: 8-11cm (3.1-4.3 inches)
- Ruby-throated Hummingbird Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris
- Spring Migration: March-May
- Fall Migration: August-September
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a tiny bird with a slender bill and short wings.
They have metallic green feathers on their backs and crowns and whitish-gray underparts.
Male Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have a brilliant iridescent red throat, black chin, and a blackish forked tail. Conversely, female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have a white throat and large white tips on their tails.
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, especially males, are easy to identify because of their bright, iridescent colors.
Their wings are swift and blur-like when they fly, making it easy to spot them in flight. They also have a slender, curved beak, which they use to feed on nectar from flowers.
You can spot Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in various habitats, including open woodlands, gardens, backyards, and meadows.
They prefer to live in areas with abundant nectar sources, such as flowering plants and shrubs.
Hummingbirds are nectar feeders, and the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is no exception. They feed primarily on the nectar of flowering plants, but they also eat insects and spiders.
They have a high metabolism and must consume much food to maintain their energy levels. They are common at backyard feeders that offer sugar water.
- Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the only species of hummingbird that breed in eastern North America.
- They are the smallest bird species found in the eastern United States.
- Hummingbirds have an incredible metabolism and their wings can beat up to 53 times per second.
- During migration, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can travel up to 2,000 miles from their breeding regions to their wintering areas in Central America and Mexico.
2. Rufous Hummingbird
The Rufous Hummingbird is a small bird species found in the western half of North America and Mexico. They are rare but can sometimes be seen in Florida during the colder non-breeding season.
- Length: 7-9cm (2.8-3.5 inches)
- Weight: 2-5g (0.1-0.2oz)
- Wingspan: Avg 11cm (4.3 inches)
- Rufous Hummingbird Scientific Name: Selasphorus rufus
- Spring Migration: February-May
- Fall Migration: June-October
Rufous Hummingbirds have slender bodies, short wings, and a tapered tail.
Male Rufous Hummingbirds have orange-brown or coppery rufous upperparts, sides, and tails. They have a striking, iridescent orange-red throat, and some have green specs on their backs.
Female Rufous Hummingbirds have metallic green upperparts, white throats with bronze-colored spots, white underparts, and orange-brown or rufous sides.
You can identify Rufous Hummingbirds by their orange-brown coloration and the iridescent orange-red throat of the males.
They use a slender, curved beak to feed on nectar from flowers.
In flight, their wings are rapid and buzzing and known to hover in place for extended periods.
You can spot Rufous Hummingbirds in various habitats, including open woodlands, mountain meadows, forest edges, and gardens.
They breed in areas with forest edges that have dense understory in the Pacific Northwest.
During migration and winter, they can be seen in areas from California to Texas, Mexico, Central America, and the Gulf Coast coastal areas.
As with most hummingbirds, Rufous Hummingbirds are primarily nectar feeders, consuming nectar from various flowers, including penstemons, columbines, and salvias.
They also eat small insects, which provide protein and other essential nutrients.
- Rufous Hummingbirds have one of the longest migrations of any North American hummingbird, traveling up to 3,000 miles from their breeding grounds in the Pacific Northwest to their wintering grounds in southern Mexico.
- They are one of the most aggressive hummingbirds and will defend their territory fiercely against other hummingbirds, even birds much larger.
- The Rufous Hummingbird is the most common hummingbird species found in Alaska.
3. Buff-bellied Hummingbird
The Buff-bellied Hummingbird is a large hummingbird species found in Mexico and the southernmost regions of Texas and the gulf coast. They are rare in Florida but can be seen in the far western areas of Florida during the colder non-breeding months.
- Length: 10-11 cm (3.9-4.3 inches)
- Weight: 2.9-4.7g (0.1-0.2oz)
- Wingspan: Avg 14.5cm (5.7 inches)
- Buff-bellied Hummingbird Scientific Name: Amazilia yucatanensis
Buff-bellied Hummingbirds have bright green backs, heads, chests, and throats, with a buff-cinnamon-colored belly and bright red bill.
Male Buff-bellied Hummingbirds have a more vibrant green coloration, and females have a mottled white chin.
You can identify Buff-bellied Hummingbirds by their bright green and buff coloration.
They use a medium-length bill to feed on nectar from flowers.
You can spot Buff-bellied Hummingbirds in semi-open wooded areas, thickets, and gardens of the southwest.
Buff-bellied Hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar from flowers, but they also consume small insects and nectar from backyard bird feeders.
They are attracted to red and orange tubular flowers, such as honeysuckle, trumpet creeper, and coralbean.
The Buff-bellied Hummingbird is a unique and beautiful bird species in Mexico and southern Texas. Their bright green and buff coloration quickly identifies them.
4. Black-chinned Hummingbird
The Black-chinned Hummingbird is a small bird species native to the western United States and Mexico. They are rare in Florida and will only be seen in the state during the colder non-breeding season.
- Length: Avg 9cm (3.5 inches)
- Weight: 2.3-5g (0.1-0.2oz)
- Wingspan: Avg 11cm (4.3 inches)
- Black-Chinned Hummingbird Scientific Name: Archilochus alexandri
- Spring Migration: March-May
- Fall Migration: August-October
Black-chinned Hummingbirds are metallic green above and whitish-pale below.
The male has a matte black chin, purple or violet throat, white breast, and a black, forked tail.
Females are paler and have a grayish-white face, throat, chest, and belly, with a shorter, white-tipped tail.
You can quickly identify male Black-chinned Hummingbirds by their metallic green back, crown, black chin, and purple throat.
They also tend to wag their tails when feeding, which is another quick way to identify these tiny hummingbirds.
Black-chinned Hummingbirds prefer to live in open woodlands, riparian areas such as streams and rivers, and gardens in the western half of North America.
Black-chinned Hummingbirds feed on nectar from flowers and small insects for protein and other essential nutrients. They also feed on sugar water from hummingbird feeders placed in backyards.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What Kind Of Hummingbirds Live In Florida?
Four kinds of Hummingbirds species live in Florida during the year. These include the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Rufous Hummingbird, Buff-bellied Hummingbird, and Black-chinned Hummingbird.
What Is The Season For Hummingbirds In Florida?
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most common species in Florida, and they are present from April to September in the spring and summer months. Rufous Hummingbirds, Buff-bellied Hummingbirds, and Black-chinned Hummingbirds can be seen in the state during winter.
How do you attract hummingbirds in Florida?
You can attract hummingbirds in Florida by providing nectar-rich flowers to feed on, such as red or orange tubular flowers native to Florida, and setting up a hummingbird feeder.
What time of year do hummingbirds come to Florida?
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds migrate to Florida during the spring months of March and May. Rufous, Buff-bellied, and Black-chinned Hummingbirds will arrive in Florida by September or October and stay until March or April. The best time to spot these species is from October until late February.
Are hummingbirds in Florida year-round?
No, the four species of hummingbirds found in Florida are seasonal migrants. Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can be seen from April to September, and the Rufous, Buff-bellied, and Black-chinned Hummingbirds travel to the state from October to March. You will likely spot these birds in Florida during these times of the year.
What plants attract hummingbirds in Florida?
Coral Honeysuckle, trumpet creeper, and coralbean are some of Florida’s best plants to attract hummingbirds. They prefer these red or orange tubular flowers for their nectar.
Keep An Eye Out For The Hummingbirds Of Florida
Hummingbirds are a beautiful sight to behold in Florida. By understanding which species of hummingbirds visit Florida, you can better prepare for their arrival during the appropriate times of the year.
Whether you’re a bird watching enthusiast or just someone who enjoys learning about nature, taking some time to learn about the four kinds of hummingbirds in Florida will provide you with a newfound appreciation for these exciting birds.
Remember, you can attract these birds to your backyard by providing nectar-rich flowers or setting up a hummingbird feeder filled with delicious sugar water.
We hope this article has provided all the information you need. If you have questions about identifying more species of birds in Florida or finding out which ones live near you, let us know!
We would love to help identify new bird species for our readers.